The Great Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking died on 14th March 2018. It’s an interesting coincidence that he was born exactly 300 years after the death of Galileo Galilei and died on Albert Einstein’s Birthday.
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Do you know The great Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking Biography?
Stephen Hawking is a scientist whose body part did not work. Stephen Hawking was a great British scientist. He couldn’t walk, or speak, he couldn’t do anything, but still wanted to live. Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking says that death is certain, but how we want to live between birth and death is up to us. No matter how difficult life is, you can always do something or the other and be successful.
The Great Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in the city of Oxford, England. Stephen was very intelligent since childhood. Theoretical Physicist Stephen was very interested in mathematics. At the age of 17, he took admission in Oxford University. While studying at Oxford, he started having some difficulty in doing his daily tasks.
When Stephen got tested again and again after having many different problems, it came to know that he has an incurable disease. In this disease all the parts of the body stop working. The doctor said that Stephen Hawking can now live only 2.5 more years.
The Great Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking started the journey of his scientific life bypassing his illness and devoted himself completely to science. Gradually, his fame started doing all over the world. He considered his illness as a boon. But on the other hand, his body was also leaving his side. As his illness progressed, he had to use a wheelchair.
But there was a plus point in that disease that Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking was only physically crippled by this disease, not mentally. Stephen Hawking gave the great idea of
Most of us must have heard the name of Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking at some point or the other. But there are very few people who know well about Stephen Hawking. In This Article you will get to know about the whole life of Stephen Hawking.
In which situation was Stephen Hawking born?
The Great Theoretical Physicist Professor Stephen William Hawking was a British Scientist, Professor and Author. Who was born on January 8, 1942, exactly 300 years after the death of the great scientist of his time, Galileo Galilei. Most people would know him as a person who, being paralyzed, uses a wheelchair, and uses a computerized voice to speak.
But you would not know that Stephen Hawking was not always like this. There was a time when he was completely healthy like a normal human being.
Theoretical Physicist Stephen William Hawking was born in a very difficult situation because neither the financial condition of his parents was good at that time nor did he feel safe. Because the second world war was also going on at that time. And it was believed that Germany could start dropping its bombs on Britain at any time.
At that time Oxford was considered a safe place, so Stephen Hawking’s parents came to Oxford. And there Stephen Hawking was born, so for this reason the Birthplace of Stephen Hawking is the city of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Who was in Stephen Hawking’s family? What did those people think of Stephen?
Stephen Hawking was the eldest son of Frank Hawking and Isobel Hawking, after that his parents gave birth to two more children in 1943 and 1947 and in addition, they adopted a female child in 1956. That is, Stephen Hawking had Three Siblings. Stephen was very intelligent since childhood. His father was a doctor and his mother was a housewife.
If people close to him are to be believed, Stephen Hawking’s nature was slightly different from others since childhood. Stephen did not talk much at the dinner table, spent a lot of time with the domesticated bees, and liked to light a fire in the greenhouse. His father was a medical researcher, whose specialty was in tropical diseases.
Being a medical field, he wanted his Eldest son Stephen Hawking to pursue a career in the medical field. But Stephen was more fond of Science and Space since childhood, his mother knew this thing very well. That’s why she spent a lot of time on summer nights with all her kids looking at space and the stars.
How was Stephen Hawking’s life before illness and graduation?
In the early days of his academic life, he was definitely known as a good student. But it was not that he was absolutely exceptional in studies. In fact, Saint Albans In the first year of school, he did third in class, not from the front but from the back, but Hawking’s mind was very much on other things.
He loved board games. According to his friends, hawking along with other friends had created a new game which the same people used to play among themselves. Together with these friends, he made a computer from the recycled part of the computer. With which he used to solve complex mathematical equations.
When Stephen Hawking joined Oxford University, he was 17 years old. He wanted to study there, but at that time there was no special degree course in Math available at Oxford University, so he chose Physics, later he was inclined towards the subject of Cosmology. Stephen’s intelligence can be introduced from the fact that in childhood people used to call him Einstein. He was very interested in Mathematics.
What changed in Stephen Hawking’s life after graduation?
After completing his Graduation with Natural Science Honors in 1962, he went to Cambridge to pursue a PhD in Cosmology. In 1968, he was made a member of Cambridge’s Institute of Astronomy, which gave a new direction to Stephen Hawking’s research. This was the time when he started research on Black Holes.
After this, in 1974 he was inducted into the Royal Society, a worldwide fellowship of scientists. In 1979, he became the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics of Cambridge University, which is considered as the most famous academic chair in the whole world. Sir Isaac Newton was the second holder of this post.
From what event did Stephen come to know about the disease?
At the age of just 17, he took admission in Oxford University. While studying at Oxford, he started having some difficulty in doing his daily tasks. When Stephen Hawking was in Oxford, at the same time he felt that he was not completely healthy, because sometimes he would fall suddenly while walking and sometimes, he would stop speaking suddenly, and even after wishing for some time ahead. Couldn’t speak.
But before 1963, he kept ignoring all these things and did not tell anything about it to anyone. In 1963, when his father saw his condition, he took him to the doctor. When the diagnosis was done, it was found that he was suffering from a dangerous disease like Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).
What was the name of Stephen Hawking’s disease?
Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) at the age of 21. This is a dangerous neurological disease, due to which the nerve cells that control the movement of the muscles of our body gradually stop working. Due to which our body goes into paralyzed state.
In Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) disease, all the nerves controlling the muscles gradually stop working due to which the body becomes crippled. And all the parts of the body stop working.
Doctors told that now Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking will only be able to live in true sense for the next two and a half years. Because in the next 2.5 years, his whole body will gradually stop working. But he experienced some such events which once again gave a new direction to his life.
What events did Stephen experience that once again gave a new direction to his life?
If we talk about the First Event, when he was admitted in the hospital, there was another patient in his room who was suffering from leukemia and he was undergoing treatment, you would know this disease by the name of blood cancer. Seeing the suffering of that other patient, Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking realized that the person was going through more pain than him.
A few days after his release from the hospital, Theoretical Physicist Stephen had a dream, in which he saw that he was on the verge of dying, he said that the dream made him realize that he could do a lot even in the amount of time left in his life.
Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking was also shocked by this, but he said that I cannot die like this, I still have a lot to do in life. Stephen Hawking started the journey of his scientific life bypassing his illness and devoted himself completely to science. Gradually his fame started to spread all over the world. He considered his illness as a boon. But on the other hand, his body was also leaving his side.
With whom was Stephen William Hawking married? And who was his wife?
Stephen Hawking’s life had become very boring due to his illness. They didn’t feel like doing anything. But God always thinks good for good people, that’s why God had something else approved for Stephen Hawking. Stephen Hawking was Married Twice. Stephen Hawking was married to Jane Beryl Wilde and Elaine Mason.
Jane Beryl Wilde and Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking had met during a party in January 1963. But one day suddenly both of them met in a railway station. And this meeting gave a new twist to Jane Wilde’s life. Stephen was returning from Cambridge on the same train as Jane Wilde was returning after finishing her secretarial practice class.
Although the two had already been introduced, it was not too deep, but still Stephen warmly met Jane and expressed his admiration. During this, he did not tell anything about his illness and went on talking with Jane, and after that both of them started dating each other. After the arrival of Jane Wilde, a joy returned to Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking’s life.
Theoretical Physicist Stephen had found a purpose to live. And then on 14 July 1965, Professor Stephen William Hawking and Jane Beryl Wilde got married in a ceremony. Stephen Hawking also remarried on 16 September 1995 with his Nurse Elaine Mason.
How did Stephen Hawking discover the concept of Hawking Radiation?
Throughout his career, Stephen Hawking carefully studied all the laws by which our entire Universe Operates, and finally came to the conclusion that the Big Bang, which began with the universe, must also end it.
Working with Roger Penrose, he told the world that, Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity suggests that time and space came into existence only after the birth of this universe and that it would end only inside the black hole.
This means that in order to better understand the behavior of this Universe, we must unite the General Theory of Relativity and Quantum Theory. Using the General Theory of Relativity and Quantum Theory together, he gave us the concept of Hawking Radiation.
From which we came to know that black holes do not always exist. He continues to emit Hawking radiation. Due to which its mass gradually decreases. That is, if they will have nothing to leave, then a time comes when their existence completely ends, Hawking radiation has already explained in full detail.
What was the connection between Hawking radiation and the black hole information paradox?
However, after giving the theory of Hawking radiation, many physicists put a very important problem in front of them in the form of Black hole Information Paradox. Which he could not solve till the end.
In 2014, he gave a revised solution in which he said “There are no Black Holes at least in the way that Cosmologists Traditionally understand them”.
In this theory, the concept of Event Horizon was also removed and he gave a new term as event horizon which changed according to the quantum changes inside the black hole. And this theory was very controversial. Due to which this theory was not accepted.
Due to which event, research and book did Stephen Hawking become famous?
In 1968, he was made a member of Cambridge’s Institute of Astronomy, which gave a new direction to Stephen Hawking’s research. This was the time when he started research on black holes. After this, in 1974 he was inducted into the Royal Society, a worldwide fellowship of scientists.
In 1979, he became the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics of Cambridge University, which is considered as the most famous academic chair in the whole world.
Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking gave the great idea of
The disease had a good effect on Stephen Hawking’s life or bad?
In other words, his illness became a major factor in making him a great scientist. Because he has told himself, until he did not get the diagnosis, his life was absolutely boring and he did not feel like studying at all. But after the diagnosis, when he came to know that, now he would only be able to live for a few years, he focused his full attention on his work and research, so that he could fully utilize the rest of his life.
As his illness progressed, he lost control of his body. By the year 1969, he was not even able to walk. Because of this, he had to resort to wheel cheer, could eat his own food and get out of bed by the mid-1970s, but he needed an assistant to do anything other than that. His students were working for him at this time.
Apart from this, by that time they were able to speak somehow but not as before, that is, only those who knew them could understand what they were saying.
He also completely lost his voice in 1985 due to Tracheostomy. At this time his condition was so bad that he was kept in nursing care for 24 hours. He somehow survived but his entire body was almost paralyzed. Now he could neither move his body nor could he speak.
How did Stephen Hawking’s wheelchair work?
Gradually his left side stopped working all the way. As his illness progressed, he had to use a wheelchair. His chair was equipped with a computer that used the vibrations of his head, his eyes and his hands to determine what he wanted to say. Gradually Theoretical Physicist Stephen’s whole body stopped working.
But there was a Plus point in that disease that Stephen Hawking was only physically crippled by this disease, he was mentally healthy. After that people went on watching on one side and on the other side Stephen Hawking was beating death.
At that time, a Computer Programmer from California came forward and gave them a text-to-speech software that worked based on the movement of their head and eye. Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking had to choose the words appearing on his computer screen to say what he wanted. want to After that the Speech Synthesizer used to convert those words into speech.
Initially his fingers worked to some extent. Therefore, whatever they had to say, they used to select those words by clicking on them by hand. Talking about the present, his entire body was paralyzed, due to which he used to direct that program with the help of sensor attached to his Cheek.
What did Stephen Hawking say about his death?
I am not afraid of death, but I am also in no hurry to die because there is much to be done in life before I die, says the great and wonderful scientist Stephen Hawking. Stephen Hawking is a scientist whose body part did not work. Stephen Hawking was The Great Theoretical Physicist & Cosmologist.
He couldn’t walk, or speak, he couldn’t do anything, but still wanted to live. Stephen Hawking says that death is certain, but how we want to live between birth and death is up to us. No matter how difficult life is, you can always do something or the other and be successful.
When did Stephen Hawking die?
Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking, one of the Greatest Scientists of this era, is no more with us. He died on 14 March 2018 at the age of 76. He will always be remembered for his Theories on Black Holes and Relativity. Stephen Hawking was The Great Theoretical Physicist & Cosmologist.
Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking is one such name who, despite being physically handicapped, has shown himself to be the world’s most unique scientist on the strength of his confidence, who became an inspiration not only to wonderful people in the world but also to ordinary people.