We all know that, on 15th August 1947, India became independent from Britishers after 200 years of slavery. That’s why we celebrate 15th August as Independence Day, which is our national festival. Apart from the independent day, why Republic Day is celebrated is not known to most people.
So, today we will know the importance of Republic Day and how the Republic Day of India is celebrated. First of all, we are going to know the reason behind celebrating Republic Day. Let’s know about Significance of Indian Republic Day.
Why Do We Celebrate Republic Day?
We all know that the people of India had to face many difficulties to get independence on 15th August 1947. Well, even after 15th August 1947, we were not truly independent. At that time, we did not get complete independence. Even after the Britishers left India, we did not have complete freedom to speak freely against anyone or to form our own organization to move anywhere.
For all these reasons, India needed a constitution, which would give complete freedom to the Indians. Apart from this, Indians should have full knowledge of what to do and what not to do for the betterment of the country. We needed a good and strong constitution to make our India a united nation from 562 princely states so that India could make its own identity in front of the whole world.
For all these reasons, the knowledgeable people of the law and constitution of that time and the people who contributed as freedom fighters of India together prepared a strong and unbroken constitution for India. Let us now show you how our Indian Constitution has been structured.
Structure of Indian Constitution
If we tell you about the constitution, then the constitution of a country is a systematic collection of rules which is made to govern the country. The constitution can be written or unwritten. The Constitution of our country India is a strong and intact one. The constitution begins with a Preamble.
The Preamble Is As Below:
We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens: Justice, social, economic, and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; And to promote among them all fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation; In our constituent assembly this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution
When And How Was The Indian Constitution Made?
By now, you must have understood that the Constitution of India is a pillar of national goals like democracy, socialism, secularism, and national integrity. With the independence of India, the Constituent Assembly was formed. The Constituent Assembly commenced its work on December 9, 1946. There was a special group of learned leaders in the Constituent Assembly. The long-sighted and political vision of these leaders is embodied in the constitution.
Leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyamaprasad Mukherjee, Sardar Baldev Singh gave guidance in the structure of the constitution. Frank Anthony, as well as HP Modi also represented in the structure of the Constitution. Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Kanaiyalal M. Munshi were also members of this Constituent Assembly. There were women members like Sarojini Naidu and Vijayalakshmi Pandit.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected Speaker of the Constituent Assembly. A draft committee was formed to prepare the draft constitution, which was chaired by B. R. Ambedkar. The Constituent Assembly held 166 sittings in 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days. The Constitution was ratified by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into force on January 26, 1950. And for this reason, 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.
Why Was January 26 Chosen? Significance of Indian Republic Day.
Republic Day is one of the most important Indian festivals. This is our national holiday. This festival is celebrated all over India with full vigor. Almost the same ceremony is held everywhere in India. January 26 has an important place in the history of our country.
On the same day (in 1929) the Indian National Congress declared full independence on the banks of the Ravi River in Lahore. Since then, the country’s fighters have been constantly sacrificing for independence. They celebrated 26 January as a holy day, hence 26 January was chosen. As you know, the country became independent on August 15, 1947, after great sacrifices and sacrifices. After that, the country’s leaders realized the need for their own constitution for India.
The constitution of the country was prepared under the chairmanship of Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar. It was implemented in the country on January 26, 1950. Since then, the significance of this day has increased. The whole country now celebrates 26th January as its Republic Day. This day makes us swear to be ready for the betterment of the country. That’s why we celebrate this day in a very special manner.
Celebration of Republic Day In A Special Way
Republic Day is celebrated with much fanfare in the country. This day is a holiday in all the offices of the country. On the eve of Republic Day, the President addresses the nation. Education remains closed in schools. Everyone participates in the Republic Day celebrations. On this day students and others go out in the morning singing patriotic songs.
Slogans of “Bharat Mata Ki Jai, Shahido Ki Jai” resounded all around the atmosphere. National flags are flown at public places, government offices, and schools. In schools, the principal hoists the flag. All together sing the national anthem as well as the song of patriotism. Students, as well as teachers, express their thoughts on Republic Day. Some people recite poems as well as songs.
On the occasion of Republic Day, the flag is hoisted by the President of India in the national capital Rajpat. On Republic Day, march is done by the three Indian security forces (Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Air Force), tableau of all the states and Union Territories are generally taken out for parade at the Rajpath.
On this occasion, sports are also organized in the schools. Prizes are distributed to the winning students. Sweets are distributed. In the afternoon, a huge procession is taken out in the city, which includes young Home Guards of Police and students of NCC. The procession marches through the main market of the city, step by step with the sound of drums and rhythms.
Republic Day commemorates the heroes who sacrificed their lives for the country. At the same time, this day swears to live by the rules, to maintain mutual respect, to contribute to the upliftment of the country, and also teaches us the rights and duties towards the nation.