NASA has come forward to carry out many such new missions. In this article you will know when the Next 5 Missions of NASA will be launched and through this mission how NASA will improve its image in the world.
NASA is an independent agency of the Federal Government of the United States of America. Those responsible for the civilian Space Program as well as Aeronautics and Space Research.
Upcoming Missions of NASA 2021 – Rocket Launches
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was founded 63 years ago on July 29, 1958. The presiding agency of NASA from 1915 to 1958 was the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. NASA is one of the best space agencies in the world. The head quarter of NASA is located in Washington DC. NASA’s motto is ‘For The Benefit of All’.
The recent administrator of NASA is Bill Nelson. Also, NASA’s deputy administrator is Pamela Melroy. The John f Kennedy space centre, Cape canaveral space force station, Vandenberg space force base is NASA’s Primary Spaceports.
The Human Space Flight Program launched by NASA so far includes Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, skylab, space shuttle (shuttle-Mir), international space station (commercial crew), constellation, lunar gateway etc. Apart from this, there is The Robotic Space Flight Program by NASA to launch CRS, explorers, GLS, large strategic, lunar precursor, lunar orbiter, Mariner, Mars exploration, new millennium, planetary missions, Ranger.
In this article, you will know about the Next 5 Special Missions of NASA, when they will be launched and how NASA will progress in the space world through these missions.
1. Landsat 9 (The Earth observation satellite)
Rising above our home planet Landsat 9 will provide important data on how Earth is changing. Continuing decades of observations, they circle the globe Every 99 minutes, making 14 Revolutions a day. The impact of the Landsat record is the enormous amount of information we have gathered around the world since 1972. And its high-quality science caliber data, which enables us to accurately track changes over time.
It may be simple enough to notice 50 years of Las Vegas expansion, but we can also see short-term changes, such as the growth of agricultural crops through a season in south central Kansas. With more than one Landsat Satellite in orbit, as well as the European Sentinel-2 satellites, we will get the data several times each week, improving our ability to track crop health and more.
Landsat 9 will also improve monitoring of coastal waters. The increased accuracy and data sent back from Landsat 9 will allow for better contrast in the levels of light reflected from the water, making it easier to identify any pollutants present. Landsat’s long history lets us look into the past to see the effects of land use changes.
The consequences of climate change can also be seen in Landsat‘s long data record. Scientists have used Landsat to track shrinking glaciers for decades, and Landsat 9 will continue that effort. Landsat data is essential for monitoring the development of these lakes. Because of its location, it is not easy to study glaciers individually. But Landsat’s view from space allows us to study glaciers around the world.
Landsat 9’s improvements will make it easier to see features on the glacier’s surface. This allows us to better track how fast the glacier is moving. Knowing the movement of ice now and how it has changed over the past decades helps us estimate the potential contribution of rising sea levels to a changing climate.
Landsat 9 joins Landsat 8 to continue the unbroken string of Landsat data. For five decades, we have relied on Landsat’s high-capacity, science quality observations to understand and protect our home planet. And while Landsat 9 starts sending back data, we are already planning the next development in the Landsat program. NASA is going to launch the Landsat 9 mission on 23 September, 2021. This date has been officially announced by NASA.
2. Parker Solar Probe (Mission To Touch The Sun)
The Sun is the only star closest to our Earth, which is present at a distance of about 150 million kilometers from our Earth. It takes about 8 minutes for light to reach the Earth from such a distance. Meaning the shape of the sun that we see from our homes every day is actually 8 minutes old. The Sun is so huge that it can easily accommodate 1.3 million Earths like our Earth.
Our earth and all the planets revolving in the solar system have been revolving around the sun. Because 99.86% of the total mass of our solar system is contained inside the sun. The mass of all the remaining planets and asteroids together is 0.14%. That is why the sun is also considered The Heart of The Solar System.
We have done many missions on most of the planets of the solar system Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune. Even Pluto, which is located at a distance of 5 billion kilometers from our Earth, we have seen closely. The sun is the only space object in the entire solar system, which we have not been able to see from poverty till date.
Because, to know about the space object, we have to go close to it. But it is not so easy for us to go near the sun. Because the heat and radiation from the sun will not allow any spacecraft to come close to it. To answer this challenge, NASA launched the mission to reach the sun.
Whose name was The Parker Solar Probe. The concept of the Parker solar probe was discovered in 1958 by a Committee of The US National Academy of Science, which included several missions. But all those missions were canceled due to budget. But in 1990, the concept of OP/SP’s Program was put forward under the low budget solar orbiter mission. For this reason, The Parker Solar Probe Mission will be launched by NASA in the Next 1-2 Months.
3. James Webb Space Telescope (A Telescope For Infrared Wavelengths)
The Hubble Telescope has contributed the most to what we know about our Universe today. Undoubtedly, the Hubble Telescope is one of the best machines ever built by humans. Since leaving the Hubble Telescope in space in 1990, it has answered many important questions so far. Like what is the age of this observable universe? What did the universe look like in its early days? How would our solar system have formed? Is there any other planet like Earth in this universe of ours or not? And so on.
But we still have many questions that The Hubble Telescope has been unable to answer. Like how was the universe’s first star and the first galaxy formed? What did the universe look like some time after its origin? What is Dark Matter and Dark Energy? What was the reason for the formation of dark matter and dark energy? The Hubble Telescope could not answer all these questions, for this NASA is going to launch The James Webb Space Telescope after some time, which may be able to answer these questions.
This Telescope will have more power than The Hubble Telescope. We also need a new space telescope because every object has an age. After which he is no longer fit to work. And the Hubble Telescope has been continuously providing its services to us for the last 31 years.
The good news is that NASA has also developed a better telescope with the European and Canadian Space Agencies. The name of this advanced telescope is James Webb Space Telescope. In the last 31 years, with the help of Hubble Telescope, we have got some important information which has proved to be very effective.
It was only from The Hubble Telescope that we came to know that, our universe is not only expanding, but the speed of its expansion is also increasing continuously, due to which we now know that the universe originated about 14 billion years ago.
The James Webb Space Telescope is larger in size than the Hubble Telescope. The size of the Primary Mirror in The Hubble Telescope is 2.4 meters, which is not a small size. But the size of the Primary Mirror of The James Webb Telescope is 6.5 meters. Which is 3 times the size of the Primary Mirror of the Hubble Telescope. There is every possibility that the American Space Agency NASA can launch The James Webb Telescope, which is ahead of The Hubble Telescope, in 31 October, 2021.
4. Artemis I (Mission To Make A Long-term Presence On The Moon)
About 50 years ago today, on July 20, 1969, the American Space Agency NASA‘s Apollo XI mission became the first human mission to successfully land on the moon. This was the first time that we humans had stepped on another solar object away from our Earth. After this mission, there were many missions on earth due to which we were able to reach the moon.
After NASA’s last Apollo 17 mission in 1972, NASA has not done any mission on the moon with humans. But after about 50 years, NASA is planning to send humans again. But this time instead of spending a few hours on the moon, NASA is working on a plan to stay there for a long time by making a special Lunar. This very ambitious mission has been named Artemis. Nasa has not clarified how long Artemis I is planned to be launched, but it can be launched very soon by the End of 2021.
Work on this mission began several decades ago with the development of the Space Launch System and the Orion capsule. And now it is in its final stages. The Artemis Mission is going to be the most special mission of this decade.
Which will usher in a new era in the field of space exploration. Even though this mission will start from the moon, but in future it will prove to be very effective for the proposed Mars Mission and other Deep Explorer Missions.
To make this mission successful, a special lunar gateway will also be created in the lunar orbit, which will be used for future Moon missions, Mars missions and other deep exploration missions. Indian-American Astronaut Raja Chhari has been selected for this mission by NASA. This crew of new astronauts, including Raja Chari, could be inducted for space missions to the International Space Station (ISS), the Moon and eventually Mars. American Space Agency NASA is planning to launch the Artemis I officially in November, 2021.
5. X-57 Maxwell (Experimental Airplane Powered by Electricity)
NASA’s First Electric Aeroplane X-57 Maxwell is recently delivered to NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards California by empirical systems aerospace es a row of San Luis Obispo California. The production of this electric plane started in 2015 and the basic prototype starts with a replacement of traditional combustion engines on a baseline Tecna – hundred sixty aircraft with electric kruis motors.
The electric plane having a 460-volt lithium-ion battery to power 14 mortals and propellers. NASA has explained the electric plane Modification Process in Three Steps. Modification 2, Modification 3 and Modification 4.
- During Modification 2 the gas-powered engines will be replaced by two electric motors to turn the propellers and the motors will be powered by a lithium-ion battery pack.
- During Modification 3 the two large electric motors will be moved to the wingtips and twelve pots will be placed under the wing to hold smaller electric motors.
- In the final Modification 4 the X-57 will install twelve smaller electric motors to the parts under the wing from Modification 3.
These motors will be used when the airplane is going slow to increase the flow of air over the wing providing additional lift during takeoff and landing. As the airplane goes faster that while smaller motors turn off and the propellers fold back to reduce drag.
Leaving the two large windy motors to provide thrust commute to the electric plane specifications the aircraft weight is approximately 3,000 pounds and the maximum operational altitude is 14,000 feet and the crew is speed is 276 km/h and the stall speed is 107 km/h and the batteries used this Electric Airplane is 860 pounds 69 kilowatt-hour lithium-ion battery pack.
And the Specifications of cruise motors and propellers are air-cooled 60-kilowatt motor propellers used are 14-inch diameter for outrunner 5-foot diameter propeller with a combined weight of 188 kgs. And the high lift mortars and propeller specifications are 10.5-kilowatt motor whereas 6-inch diameter in runner propeller and a 5-blade folding propeller with a 1.9-foot diameter propeller with a combined weight of 15 pounds each. NASA is planning to launch the X-57 Maxwell officially in End of 2021.