The Sun, which is a very large star located at the center of the Solar System. Earth and all the celestial bodies in the Solar System revolve around the Sun. If there was no sun, hardly all of us humans would be on earth today. The sun gives us light. If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
Along with this, it is also a very good source of energy. We all know all these things very well. But do you know that what is the Sun? How was the Sun formed? How will the sun end? What Missions have been done so far to know more about the Sun?
If you don’t know what is the Sun? And you do not have the answer to any of the above questions, so today we will give you answers to all these questions. So read this article completely because in this you will know that what is the sun? How was the Sun formed? How will the sun end? And what missions have been done so far to know the Sun even more? So, let’s know, What is the Sun?And what was the biggest mission ever to the Sun?If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
Table of Contents
What is The Sun? And The Largest Missions To The Sun Ever.
If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end. Today we have many achievements because of our science. We have discovered many such planets, where there is every possibility of human life. We have given the status of super earth to such planets on which humans can live life like Earth. We have heard different stories about black holes for many years.
But today with the help of Advanced Technology of science, we have also taken a picture of that black hole through The Event Horizon Telescope. Although that picture is of the accretion disk present around the black hole.
Supernovas, galaxies and apart from this do not know what is being added to our knowledge. While all these things are thousands, millions and billions of light years away from our earth, but there is one thing which is very close to us. That thing is running life on our earth, but its secrets remain a puzzle for us even today. Yes, it is our sun that runs our solar system and human life on our earth.
NASA’s Parkar Solar Probe Mission , launched in August 2018, has set out to discover the secrets of the Sun itself. The data being received about the Sun from the Parkar Solar Probe Mission is solving many puzzles, but still some such mysteries are associated with our Sun, which is not a matter of solving the Parkar Solar Probe alone.
The European Space Agency has also worked on one such project, which was a big effort to unveil the hidden mystery of the Sun. The world’s two great space agencies, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States of America and The European Space Agency (ESA) of Europe worked together on a mission.
That mission was the Solar Orbiter Mission, which did a great job of uncovering various kinds of mysteries of the Sun. Which was officially developed together by NASA and ESA. Solar Orbiter was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida at 9:33 am on 10 February 2020, according to Indian Standard Time. Do you know that what is the Sun? If you don’t know what is the Sun? So, Let’s know, What is the Sun?
The Questions That Arise in The Mind About Sun.
If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end. The Sun, which is a very large star located at the center of the Solar System. The Earth and all the celestial bodies in the Solar System revolve around the Sun. If there was no sun, hardly all of us humans would be on earth today. Sun gives us light. Along with this, it is also a Great Source of Energy.
What is the Sun? What is inside the Sun that the Sun is boiling so much heat? How big is the Sun in size? What substances is the Sun made up of? Will the Sun remain like this forever, or is the end of the Sun also certain one day? It is important for us to know about the Sun, because this big star Sun has a great contribution in our life.
If the sun refuses to give us its light even for one day, then the whole earth will freeze and life will reach the verge of extinction. So, let’s know the exact answer to whatever questions are arising in your mind about the sun through this article. So in this article you will know that, What is the Sun? If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
The Structure of The Sun.
Let’s start with How The Sun Was Formed. The story of the creation of the Sun begins four and a half billion years ago. When a cold cloud of dust particles and gas, called a nebula, in which the cloud collapses due to an explosion, the raw material inside it is separated from it. Which later joined together due to gravity and formed the Sun in the middle of this Solar Nebula. It is in some way similar to what happens during the formation of a star.
Apart from this, the rest of the row material created planets by revolving around the Sun. But what is inside the sun, because of which the sun is so hot. This is because the Sun is mainly composed of gases such as hydrogen and a small amount of helium.
Along with this, oxygen, carbon, iron and neon are also present inside the Sun. A very large pressure is seen in the center of the Sun. And due to the large size of the Sun, there is a very large gravitational force inside the Sun. So now you know what is the Sun? So now we will know more things about the Sun in this article.
At the time when The Sun was formed, this pressure from the Sun caused a large amount of heat and the hydrogen started burning. The burning of hydrogen is a nuclear reaction. Due to this, this state of hydrogen burning is called fusion reaction, because in this process hydrogen nuclei are combined with each other and due to this fusion reaction process of hydrogen, helium gas is formed.
In this process a huge amount of energy is released in the form of heat, light and radiation. Because of all these, the Sun is seen shining very brightly from the Earth. During this process 70 Million Tons of Hydrogen is burnt every second. In this way a large amount of hydrogen is burnt, yet there is still such a large amount of hydrogen in the Sun that our shining Sun will continue to shine for the next 5 Billion Years.
It is because of the heat generated by the burning of this hydrogen, that the Sun is so hot. You will be surprised to know that the temperature of the outer surface of the Sun is 5,600 degrees Celsius, and the temperature of its interior is about 150 Million Degrees Celsius. This temperature has been estimated by scientists. If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
The Characteristics That Separate The Sun And The Earth.
So now you know what is the Sun? And what is the structure of the Sun? So now in this article we will learn about the characteristics between the Sun and the Earth. The energy that is produced in The Center of The Sun, it takes 50 Million Years for that energy to come to the surface outside the Sun, this is an interesting fact.
If we talk about the size of the Sun and its mass, then out of the total weight of all the planets, satellites, meteorites in the solar system, 99.84 Percent of the total weight is that of the Sun alone. The diameter of the Sun is 13,92,000 km. If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
If we talk about the size of the Sun and the Earth, then the Sun is 1.3 million times bigger than the Earth. That is, the size of the Sun is so big that 1.3 Million Earths can easily fit inside the Sun. The gravitational force of the Sun is 28 times greater than the gravitational force of the Earth. If your weight on Earth is 60 kg, then if we look according to the gravitational force of the Sun, then your weight on the Sun will be 1680 kg.
After landing on the surface of the Sun, we will have to come out running at the rate of 648 kilometers per second, otherwise we will not be able to get out of its atmosphere. We have told the gravitational force of the Sun with this precise example that, you can guess the gravitational force of the Sun from the fact that the Sun is forcing Pluto, the dwarf planet of our solar system, to revolve around itself. Pluto, the dwarf planet of our solar system, is about 6 Billion kilometers away from the Sun.
Just as our Earth is made of solid material, the Sun is not made of solid material. The Sun is made up of different types of gases. The pressure inside the Sun is 340 Billion times greater than the pressure of the Earth’s atmosphere.
On the other hand, if we talk about the density of the inner part of the Sun, then the density of the inner part of the Sun is 150 times more than the density of water present on Earth. What is the Sun, you have already known in the next article. Now we will know that the characteristics of the Sun are different from other planets.
Features of The Sun Different From Other Planets.
We know that what is the sun there is little to be said on this issue. That is why this time we will tell you in detail about the issue of what is the Sun. The Sun appears to be very different from the Earth and other planets. In fact, the Sun is a star. We can consider the Sun to be a star just like the 100 Billion Stars in our galaxy. Sun is classified as a G2 V star. Which is one type of star in 10% of the stars in the Milky Way.
You can guess the gravitational force of the Sun from the fact that the Sun is forcing Pluto, the dwarf planet of our solar system, to revolve around itself. Pluto, the dwarf planet of our solar system, is about 6 Billion kilometers away from the Sun. If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
A question must have come in your mind at some point of time, that just as the Earth revolves around the Sun, does the Sun revolve around any other thing or not. Just as the other planets in our solar system and the Earth revolve around the Sun, the Sun also revolves around the center of our galaxy along with all these planets, meteorites and satellites. And the time period of this circumambulation is 25 Crore Years.
From the origin of the Sun till today, the Sun has made only 20 revolutions around our galaxy Milky Way. And apart from this, just as our Earth takes 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.09053 seconds to rotate on its axis, The Sun also takes 27 days to revolve on its axis. Till now you have come to know in the article, what is the Sun. Now let us know some interesting facts about the Sun. Inside which, what is the Sun, this thing has been explained very well.
Some Interesting Facts About The Sun.
The Sun generates a large amount of solar wind. The Sun that generates the solar wind contains electrons and protons inside it. The speed of these solar winds is about 450 kilometers per second. This motion of the solar wind is so effective that, due to this motion, the solar wind like electrons and protons get out of the gravitational force of the Sun. The planets with strong magnetic fields of the solar system divert all these solar wind before reaching the earth, due to which it does not reach the earth successfully.
Due to the emission of radiations such as light particles and photons, the Sun is reducing its mass by 5 million tons per second. The Sun is approximately 150 million kilometers away from the Earth. The Sun is so far away from the Earth, that is why it takes 8.3 minutes (8 minutes 20 seconds) for sunlight to reach our Earth.
At the same time, it takes 5 hours and 30 minutes for sunlight to reach the last end of our solar system i.e., Pluto planet of our solar system. The energy reaching the Earth from the Sun is very less compared to the total energy of the Sun. If we talk about its numerical information, then the energy received by the Earth from the Sun is 2 Billionth part of the total energy of the Sun.
The Sun converts about 70 million tons of hydrogen every second into 69.5 million tons of helium. Apart from this, the sun converts the remaining 5 lakh tons of hydrogen into Gamma Rays. Now let us introduce you to some interesting facts about the Sun.
Suppose, all of you that if we convert one hour’s heat from the sun into electricity through Solar Panels, then how much will this electricity be, do you know this thing. If this experiment is done really, then there will be enough electricity to meet one year’s electricity consumption of the whole world. From this you must have got an idea of what is the Sun? If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
If The Sun Refuses To Give Us Light, Then…
We already know that What is the Sun? We already know that What is the sun doing for us? But suppose what would happen if there was no Sun in the solar system? either, If we imagine that the sun refuses to give us light even for a day, then there will be a pile of snow mountains everywhere on the earth. And due to this, the condition of the whole earth will be like the North and South poles of the Earth. Let us understand about the heat of the Sun with another example.
Let us tell you that with the amount of heat generated from one square centimeter area of the Sun, we can light 64 bulbs of 100 volts. If any object comes in the area up to 20,22,000 kilometers from the Sun, then the Sun does not take any time to pull it towards itself.
The original color of the Sun is white. But we see it as yellow. There is only one reason for this, because of the atmosphere, we see the sun as yellow. Will the sun continue to give us light like this, or will the sun also end one day? This is a surprising and mysterious question for all.
Let us tell you that according to the information we have received, there will come a day on which the sun will also end and one day the existence of the sun will end. There is a law of our universe that the one who takes birth, his death is already certain.
The time taken for the birth of any star is millions of years. A star gives light for billions of years. But there comes a day when that star loses its light and all its energy. Apart from this, you must also know that some stars turn into Black Holes. The journey which started from zero, again ends at zero. From this point you must have understood that what is the Sun? And how important is the Sun to our life, to our Earth and to our Solar System. If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
Suppose The Sun Suddenly Disappears From The Solar System, Then…
We already know that What is the Sun? We already know that What is the sun doing for us? What would happen if The Sun, the most important component of our solar system, disappeared? If the Sun disappears for 1 hour, 1 day, 1 month, 1 year or forever, what will happen to the Earth and all the living beings on Earth?
This is a fictional event but what would happen if it happened in real life is a wonder, shocking and mysterious thing. In this Article, we will tell you that, if the Sun suddenly disappears from our life, then what will be the effect on our life and every living being on the earth and this incident can give you goosebumps.
An important component of the solar system is The Sun itself. The Sun, due to its gravitational force, forces the Earth and other planets to make their own orbits. At the moment the Sun disappears from the Solar System, immediately all the planets in the Solar System will be separated from the Sun’s gravitational force. Mars, Mercury, Earth, Jupiter i.e., all the planets have moved away from their place.
After this all these planets will keep moving around in space. In all this the earth is also floating in space without any control. The reason for all this is that there is no Sun in the solar system at this time, so that all these planets can be kept under control due to the force of gravity.
But there is no need for you all to be sad as it is all just a fantasy. In fact, the Earth will always be bound to the Sun due to the force of gravity. We all know how important The Sun, a component of the Solar System, is to us and the entire Solar System. For this reason, the people of the earth have given the status of God to the Sun.
There is only the Sun in space, due to which life on Earth is possible. Earth is nothing without the Sun. From this point you must have understood that what is the Sun? And how important is the Sun to our life, to our Earth and to our Solar System. Now we will know, according to scientists, how can the sun end? If you don’t know what is the Sun? So read this article till the end.
How will The Sun End?
So far in this article we have known what is the Sun? Now we will know further that, according to great scientists, when and how will the destruction of the Sun happen? Some Scientists estimate that after 1.5 billion years, the Sun will appear 10% brighter than it is today. Due to which, according to scientists, there can be a huge impact on the Earth’s atmosphere. After 5 Billion Years from today, the brightness of the Sun will increase by 40%.
Due to this, there will be a huge impact on the earth. This will happen that the water of all the oceans and rivers on the earth will evaporate as a vapor. Whereas after 5.4 Billion Years from today the hydrogen present in the Sun will be completely exhausted. After that the Sun will start burning its helium gas and its base itself.
After this the sun will move towards the end. Then after about 7.5 billion years from today, the Sun will take the form of a kind of Red Demon. After this, the Sun will increase its size by about 200 times from today. Due to the large size of the Sun, the planet Mercury can be in its grip, perhaps the planet Venus may also be destroyed.
After this the turn of our earth will come, but it is a matter of regret that by then all the living beings on earth would have been destroyed. And after millions of years, only helium will be left in the Sun. And after this the remaining helium in the sun will start to transform into the form of carbon. Because of this, the sun will start to bloom even more.
Gradually, the cover of the outer surface of The Sun will start to Crumble. Millions of years after this, the Sun will convert into a white dwarf star. At that time the size of the Sun will become almost as small as the planet Venus. Despite being such a small stature, the sun of that time would have so much heat that, you cannot even imagine it. But gradually this sun will also lose its light and its temperature and will become like a black coal after being extinguished.
So, in the same way, the sun will destroy our earth and other planets and after that the sun will also be destroyed. By then our Billions of Generations would have passed, that’s why you have nothing to fear. Perhaps at that time even the remains of our bones will not be found, so how did you like this journey of millions of years? This is Just a Guess Made By Scientists, which we have conveyed to you. We already know that What is the Sun?